New York Gun Laws

If you’re looking to obtain a legal firearm in New York, here are some facts about New York gun laws.


If you’re looking to obtain a concealed handgun permit in New York, here are some facts you need to know about the permit process, required documents, and eligibility requirements. New York is a shall-issue state. A New York Pistol License (NYPL) is issued at the local level by the county sheriff or court system. All permits are valid throughout the state, except in the City of New York, unless validated by the police commissioner of that city. A New York Pistol License applicant must be 21 years of age.

Is There a Waiting Period to Buy a Gun in New York?

There is no specific waiting period to buy a firearm, but to purchase a handgun a person must obtain a license to possess or carry a handgun, which may take up to six months.

Do handguns need to be registered in New York?

Yes, in New York all handguns need to be registered. There is no registration for long guns.

Is A Permit Required To Purchase A Handgun In New York?

Yes, in New York a permit is required to purchase handguns and semi-automatic rifles. A permit is not required in New York to buy shotguns or non semi-automatic rifles.

Who Is Eligible To Obtain a Concealed Carry Permit or New York Pistol License (NYPL) in New York?

Any New York state resident who is at least 21 years of age can apply for a concealed carry permit or New York Pistol License (NYPL).

Is Firearms Training A Requirement in New York For a Concealed Carry Permit or New York Pistol License (NYPL)?

Yes, in some jurisdictions in New York a handgun safety course is required.

What Are The Requirements To Obtain a Concealed Carry Permit or New York Pistol License (NYPL) in New York?

Guidelines to obtain a New York gun permit:

  • Be at least 21 years old
  • Be a legal resident of the United States
  • Reside or have a business around the local area you are applying
  • Complete an approved handgun safety training course
  • Pass a National Instant Criminal Background Check
  • Pass a mental health records check

What are the steps to obtain a gun permit in New York?

To obtain a New York conceal carry handguns permit or New York Pistol License (NYPL) you need to download a state application and a form for your county on the New York state website: In Upstate New York apply to the County Court through the office of the court clerk, county clerk or sheriff; in New York City, Nassau County and most of Suffolk County apply to the police commissioner; in eastern towns of Suffolk County apply to the Sheriff. You will be fingerprinted when you submit the application. A permit is issued within 6 months but processing times vary by county.

Step 1: Compete a handgun safety course, if required

Step 2: Download an application and county form, and complete the forms

Step 3: Go to your county sheriff or courthouse to submit your application along with two passport-style photographs.

Step 4: A background check will be conducted by New York State and the FBI, and you will be interviewed by local police

Step 5: Your application will be submitted to either a licensing judge, police commissioner or sheriff for consideration

How much does a New York gun permit cost?

It costs $20 for a New York concealed carry permit, but fees vary by county.

Does New York Recognize Pistol Permits From Other States?

No, New York does not honor any other states’ concealed carry licenses.

Is New York a Constitutional Carry State?

No, New York is not a Constitutional Carry state.

Is New York an Open Carry State?

No, New York prohibits any state resident without a New York Pistol License, over the age of 21, from possessing a handgun without a valid license.

Is New York a Stand Your Ground State or Castle Doctrine State?

No. In New York is not a stand your ground state, however, the self-defense law is based on the Castle Doctrine. In New York you have the duty to retreat if a person feels they can safely do so.

Are AR-Style and Other Semi-Auto Rifles Legal in New York?

No. New York has banned certain firearms the state defines as “assault weapons.”

Are Standard-Capacity Magazines Allowed in New York?

No, maximum magazine capacity is 10 rounds in New York.

Does New York Have Gun Storage Laws?

Yes, New York gun storage law requires locking a gun in a safe storage container that is incapable of being unlocked without a key or combination lock, or use of a trigger lock when the firearm is not carried or under the immediate possession or control of the owner if the owner lives with someone who is under sixteen years of age.

Is New York a Red Flag State?

Yes, New York has a Red Flag law that allows police, district attorneys, family or household members, and school administrators or their designees to petition a court to have an order of protection issued to a person to remove their firearms, suspend any firearm license, and prevent them from purchasing, possessing or attempting to purchase or possess a firearm, rifle or shotgun.

DISCLAIMER: provides this information to subscribers and readers, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of gun laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information disclosed. Gun laws are constantly changing, for legal advice, consult a lawyer in your state.

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Robert Sadowski
Having been trained by many top-shelf handgun, shotgun, AR carbine, and long-range shooting instructors, Robert Sadowski brings a user's perspective to Gun Tests. He has authored and edited 15 books on firearm values, firearm disassembly and assembly, and gun guides. His Book Of Glock (Skyhorse Publishing) debuted as an Amazon #1 New Release and is a must-read for the Glock enthusiast. His latest book, 9MM - Guide to America's Most Popular Caliber (Gun Digest Books), is an indispensable resource on the 9mm and understanding the cartridge's performance for concealed carry, home defense, or competition. Over the past two decades, Sadowski has written for many magazines and websites, including,,, and more. His print work has appeared in Combat Handguns, Ballistic, Real World Survivor, Guns Digest, Guns of the Old West, SHOT Business, and more. He is currently the Treasurer/Secretary of the Glock Collectors Association. After receiving an MA from New York University, he worked for a number of magazine publishers and advertising agencies. Sadowski is a lifelong hunter, competitive shooter, and native of Connecticut. He now lives in North Carolina to take full advantage of our 2nd Amendment privilege.


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